The South American Climate Change (SACC) Consortium is an initiative sponsored by the IAI through the Cooperative Research Networks (CRN) Program.
The GENERAL PURPOSE of the SACC Consortium is:
To coordinate and enhance human and institutional resources in South American countries, in order to advance the understanding of the coupled effects of global change and climate variability on the oceanic, atmospheric and terrestrial ecosystems of the Western South Atlantic region.
general(see all news) Feb - 4 - 2017 Trans-Atlantic SAMOC cruise completed On 1 February 2017 the German research Vessel Maria S. Merian arrived in Montevideo after four weeks at sea. The vessel departed Cape Town, South Africa, on 4 January to collect the first trans-oceanic hydrographic section along the SAMBA-SAMOC line on 34.5 degrees S. Twenty two scientists and students from eight countries led by Johannes Karstensen (Geomar, Kiel) and Sabrina Speich (Ecole Normale Superieur, Paris) occupied 129 stations along the way. The cruise was part of the European Union funded AtlantOS initiative (see https://www.atlantos-h2020.eu/) and the SAMOC initiative (see http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/phod/SAMOC_international/)
general(see all news) Jan - 7 - 2017 Looking at an ocean of changes: Ocean warming and carbon sink Johannes Karstensen and Sabrina Speich report from Research Vessel MARIA S. MERIAN in the South Atlantic. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The RV MARIA S. MERIAN left Cape Town, South Africa, on 4 January 2017 to undertake the first full-depth oceanographic section linking the southern tip of Africa to the South American continent with on board a team of more than 20 scientists from eight countries. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Focuses of the cruise are the inventory of the ocean’s uptake of carbon, heat and fresh-water as well as the related physical and biogechemical processes, including the role of the regional turbulent dynamics and their link with the global ocean circulation and climate changes. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The project, led by Drs. Johannes Karstensen, Toste Tonhua (both from GEOMAR Kiel, Germany) and Prof. Sabrina Speich (from LMD, Paris, France) is embedded in the international South Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (SAMOC) program and the EU-funded AtlantOS H2020 project. It indeed realizes the first South Atlantic Moc Basin Array (SAMBA) section of the SAMOC international initiative. The scientific crew include a total of 12 researchers from Argentina, Brazil and South Africa. The data that will be acquired is seen as an important contribution to the international data collection for ocean and climate studies and serves to the GO-SHIP initiative. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The MSM60 expedition ends in Montevideo, Uruguay, at the beginning of February.
from the field(see all news) Nov - 5 - 2016 SAMOC-W Cruise 13 completed on R/V Puerto Deseado The 13 SAMOC-W (SAM) cruise was completed 3 November 2017 upon arrival of R/V ARA PUERTO DESEADO to Mar del Plata Argentina. The cruise occupied a hydrographic (CTD/Rosette/LADCP) section along 34degS. During the cruise we carried out the data telemetry and turn around of six pressure-equipped inverted echosounders (PIES and CPIES). The instruments belong to NOAA, USA, and the Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil.
The scientific party consisted of seventeen participants from eight institutions from Argentina, Brazil and the USA.
general(see all news) Sep - 22 - 2016 VOCES declared of interest by Argentine Senate VOCES (CRN3070) has declared of interest by the Argentine Senate (Senado de la Nacion Argentina PE-156/16). The declaration is based on the appreciation that scientific information provided by the project is useful for the Senate decision making process.
documents(see all news) Sep - 18 - 2016 Patagonia Shelf Break Upwelling Temperature variability from time series of current and water mass properties collected at two moorings deployed at the shelf edge combined with satellite ocean color and temperature indicate that sharp cooling events at the outer shelf are consistent with upwelling of cold waters through the base of the mixed layer. The vertical velocity required to explain the observed cooling is 13–29 m/day.
Seventy-five percent of the observed intense cooling events are concurrent with surface chlorophyll increase suggesting that cooling events observed at the shelf break are associated with nutrient fluxes that promote the growth of phytoplankton.
Valla, D., and A. R. Piola (2015), Evidence of upwelling events at the
northern Patagonian shelf break, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 120, 7635–
general(see all news) Aug - 28 - 2016 Argentina-US Ocean Science Meeting Over 200 participants, including authorities and government representatives, ocean science experts and stakeholders from Argentina and the US met in Mar del Plata, Argentina 23-25 August 2016. The workshop, aimed at strengthening scientific collaboration in South Atlantic studies, was a result of previous meetings held in Washington D.C. in 2014 and Buenos Aires in March 2016. Several VOCES PIs and collaborators attended the meeting, led panels and working groups.
Further information at:
general(see all news) Aug - 28 - 2016 Nacho Gianelli reports- Early Career Scientists meet To integrate all IAI CRN 3 projects related with Water, a meeting with graduate, postgraduate students and young researchers was held on August 22-24 at the Instituto Argentino de Oceanografía in Bahia Blanca, Argentina. The main goal of the meeting was to establish the basis for a specific inter and transdiciplianary group which will be expanded to all IAI projects. Holm Thiessen (IAI Executive Director) and Ana Murgida (IAI Science-Policy Liaison Director), Kathleen Weathers (GLEON chair), Cayelan Carey and Kevin Rose (former GLEON Graduate Student Associations chairs) and Gerardo Perillo (SAFER project director) shared their experience in leading interdisciplinary works
Volunteers from each IAI project to integrate the GSP as a Co-Chair with the assistance of an IAI Advisor. The first group of Co-Chairs is integrated by:
- M.Cecilia Filipello (ANTARES)
- Ignacio Gianelli (VOCES)
- Martín Kazimierski (CRN 3102)
- Carina Seitz (SAFER)
Meeting participants: Carina Seitz (SAFER-Argentina), Cecilia Filipello (ANTARES-Argentina), Victor Aramayo (ANTARES-Peru), Ignacio Gianelli (VOCES-Uruguay), Facundo Scordo (SAFER-Argentina), Martin Kazimierski (CRN 3102-Argentina), Marianne Dietz (CRN 2050-USA), Thomas Bianchette (CRN 2050-USA), Belén Alfonso (SAFER- Argentina), Fabricio Oliveira (FURG- Brasil), Andrea Brendel (SAFER-Argentina), Gerardo M. E. Perillo (SAFER- Argentina), Holm Tiessen (IAI), Ana María Murgida (IAI), Cintia Piccolo (SAFER- Argentina), Andrea Huamantinco Cisneros (SAFER- Argentina), Paula Costilla (SAFER- Argentina), Kathleen Weathers (Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies- GLEON)
general(see all news) Aug - 3 - 2016 The Ecosystem Services of the Argentinean shelf break front A Workshop on The Ecosystem Services of Argentinean Shelf Break Front was held in Mar del Plata, Argentina during June 28 and 29, 2016. The Workshop, coordinated by the researchers Paulina Martinetto, Florencia Botto, Daniela Alemany and Matías Mastrángelo was developed within the framework of the IAI/CONICET project “The relative ecosystem service of frontal areas in the South West Atlantic Large Marine Ecosystem”. The purpose of the Workshop was to introduce the conceptual framework of ecosystem services and its applicability to marine environments and focused on the shelf break front. Participants from different academic, NGO and marine resource management institutions participated. The ecosystems service conceptual framework was presented by Pedro Laterra, an expert on the methodological and theoretical development of this approach. The attendees, from different disciplines (biology, ecology, oceanography, sociology, environmental law) interacted to develop a consensual conceptual diagram identifying the main ecosystem services provided by the shelf break front as well as the benefits, beneficiaries and natural and anthropogenic drivers of change.
from the field(see all news) Jun - 6 - 2016 Malvinas-Cassis Cruise completed During 11 to 21 June 2016 we carried out the Malvinas Cassis Sur cruise along a zonal section on 44.7ºS. The project is aimed at establishing the relationship between the volume transport over the continental shelf and the fluctuations of the volume transport of the Malvinas Current. During the cruise we deployed five moorings and occupied 29 hydrographic stations. The full mooring array consists of nine sites that include a bottom pressure recorder near the coast, four bottom mounted ADCPs over the shelf and upper slope (1000 m) and three tall moorings over the middle slope (1400-2500 m).
general(see all news) Dec - 21 - 2015 Participative policy and governance models for marine ecosystems in South America A VOCES Workshop on Participative policy and governance models for marine
ecosystems in South America was held at the Fundación Pablo Cassará, Av. De Mayo 1194, Buenos Aires, Argentina from 9 to 11 November 2015. The purpose of the Workshop was to explore alternative models of involvement of stakeholders and the conversion of scientific results into information useful for decision and policy makers.
The Workshop Report is here: http://sacc.coas.oregonstate.edu/~sacc/imgd/1450724152113594006572VOCES_WorkshopReport_2015v1.pdf
The Workshop presentations are here: http://sacc.coas.oregonstate.edu/~sacc/documents.php?cat=Posters_and_Presentations
general(see all news) May - 26 - 2015 Export of Shelf Waters from the Western South Atlantic Shelf Three articles recently published in the Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans based on the analysis of in-situ, surface circulation, and satellite salinity observations (Guerrero et al., 2014), high resolution numerical simulations forced with realistic surface momentum, heat and freshwater fluxes, and continental runoff (Matano et al., 2014), and based on circulation derived from satellite altimetry (Strub et al., 2015) describe the shelf and neighboring ocean circulation and the export of shelf waters to the deep ocean. These studies present compelling evidence supporting the hypothesis that substantial amounts of shelf waters are detrained towards the deep ocean, where they are swiftly advected towards the ocean interior. Away from the tropics, this export of shelf waters creates the largest surface salinity variations throughout the South Atlantic.
Guerrero R.A., et al., 2014, The salinity signature of the cross-shelf exchanges in the Southwestern Atlantic Ocean: Satellite observations, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119, 7794-7810, doi: 10.1002/2014JC010113.
Matano, R.P., et al., 2014, The salinity signature of the cross-shelf exchanges in the Southwestern Atlantic Ocean: Numerical simulations, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119, 7949–7968, doi: 10.1002/2014JC010116.
Strub, P.T., et al., 2015, Altimeter-Derived Seasonal Circulation on the SW Atlantic Shelf: 27° – 43°S, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, in press.
general(see all news) May - 26 - 2015 The Oceans Around South America Seminars - 22 May 2015 A three seminar gathering on the Oceans Around South America was held at the Departamento de Ciencias de la Atmosfera y los Oceanos, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires on 22 May 2015.
Samuel Hormazabal from Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso (Chile) gave a presentation on Impact of mesoscale eddies in the eastern South Pacific and Ronald Buss de Souza from Instituto de Pesquisas Espaciais (Brazil) described his studies on Ocean-atmosphere coupling at synoptic time scales in the western South Atlantic. An unexpected problem precluded a third presentation by Andres Rivas, from Centro Nacional Patagonico (Argentina), which will be re-scheduled for a future presentation.
general(see all news) Jan - 16 - 2015 Brazil´s first National Report on Climate Change published The Painel Brasileiro de Mudanças Climáticas has published the first National Report on Climate Change. Volume 1 includes the scientific basis, Volume 2 the Impacts, Vulnerabilities and Adaptations and Volume 3 discusses Mitigation.
The full document is freely available in the following link:
general(see all news) Aug - 14 - 2014 Dr. Hermes W. Mianzan We greatly regret to inform that our dear friend, colleague and co-PI of CRN2076, SGP2076 and CRN3070 Dr. Hermes W. Mianzan passed away on 9 July 2014. Hermes was a delightful person to work with and throughout his career mentored a large number of students in Argentina and abroad. His work spanned from the study of jelly fish to multidisciplinary research of ocean fronts and from subantarctic waters in the southwest Atlantic to global scale problems. His broad view of marine science was unique. Te extrañamos.
general(see all news) Mar - 14 - 2014 Short Course at UBA Biogeochemical cycles in highly productive marine ecosystems by Michele Graco (IMARPE, Peru) and invited professors Marcelo Acha (INIDEP/CONICET), Alejandro Bianchi (SHN/UBA), Laura Bianucci (U. Dalhousie), Elbio Palma (UNS/ISAD/CONICET) and Martin Saraceno (UBA/CIMA/CONICET).
The course reviewed the basis of the biogeochemical process in the ocean and presented examples of highly productive regions focused on the coastal upwelling system off Peru and on the physical and biophysical process on the Patagonian Continental Shelf and Shelf-Break marine ecosystems.The Course was attended by 28 students from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Peru and Uruguay. Co-sponsored POGO and Universidad de Buenos Aires.
general(see all news) May - 25 - 2013 Multiple Jets A study published in J. Geophysical Research - Oceans by Piola and co-authors proposes that the Malvinas Current is formed by multiple jets. The jets are distinct features of the strong Malvinas Current north of about 50ºS.
Piola, A. R., B. C. Franco, E. D. Palma, y M. Saraceno, 2013, Multiple jets in the Malvinas Current, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 118, 2107-2117, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20170.
from the field(see all news) Oct - 18 - 2013 Subtropical Shelf Front cruise completed successfully 12 October 2013
R/V Puerto Deseado (CONICET, Argentina) arrived today in Mar del Plata after successfully completing the field work for the Subtropical Shelf Front survey. The cruise was designed to monitor the export of shelf waters along the STSF and the planktonic species involved. We occupied 55 hydrographic stations including quasi-continuous vertical profiles of temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen and fluorescence, and collection of water samples for salinity, dissolved oxygen, nutrients, chlorophyll and smaller fractions of phytoplankton. Each profile included current measurements with an acoustic Doppler current meter (ADCP). Twenty five oblique plankton net casts were also obtained. Underway observations included ADCP as well as surface temperature and salinity observations.
Preliminary results allow us to observe Rio de la Plata and distinct varieties of shelf waters being expelled off shelf along the axis of the energetic Brazil-Malvinas Confluence.
Cruise Report: http://sacc.coas.oregonstate.edu/~sacc/imgd/1388266251808245004556STSF_PD_Oct_2013-rev-s.pdf
from the field(see all news) Oct - 2 - 2013 Multidisciplinary cruise begins today The argentine vessel Puerto Deseado departs this afternoon from Mar del Plata to begin a multidisciplinary research cruise to obtain physical, chemical and biological data in the region of the Subtropical Shelf Front. This region is presumably an export route of subtropical and subantarctic shelf waters to the open ocean. The cruise plan includes fifty seven hydrographic stations and plankton net deployments in Argentine, Uruguayan and Brazilian waters. The scientific crew includes scientists and students from Servicio de Hidrografia Naval, INIDEP and Universidad de Buenos Aires (Argentina), FURG (Brazil) and Universidad de la Republica (Uruguay).
general(see all news) Jun - 11 - 2013 New SACC Short Course Biogeochemical cycles in highly productive marine ecosystems
Buenos Aires, 2-14 December 2013
Professor: Michelle Ivette Graco (IMARPE, Peru)
The course is co-sponsored by the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research, Universidad de Buenos Aires and IAI-CRN3070
More information in
from the field(see all news) Dec - 21 - 2012 New Cruise completed on R/V Alpha-Crucis The 8th SAM cruise was carried out 1-16 December 2012 on board R/V Alpha-Crucis (IOUSP/Brazil). The cruise included a full-depth hydrographic section across the South Atlantic western boundary current, data telemetry from four Pressure Inverted Echosounders (PIES) and deployment at three new sites at 34.5S. These observations are designed to study the variability of the western boundary current transport, a key contributor to the export of deep waters from the Atlantic Ocean and the Atlantic Meridional Circulation (see http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/phod/SAMOC_international/index.php). In addition, we carried out the third occupation of a hydrographic section across the southern Brazil continental shelf, spanning the slope, the Subtropical Shelf Front (STSF) and the Plata plume. These observations are designed to test the hypothesis that the STSF is a main conduit for the export of shelf waters to the deep ocean. See "Export of shelf waters ..." news below (7 May 2012).
from the field(see all news) Jul - 12 - 2012 New SAM cruise completed The 7th SAM cruise was carried out 2-11 July 2012 on board R/V Puerto Deseado (CONICET, Argentina). The cruise included a full-depth hydrographic section across the South Atlantic western boundary current and data telemetry from four Pressure Inverted Echosounders (PIES) at 34.5S. These observations are designed to study the variability of the western boundary current transport, a key contributor to the export of deep waters from the Atlantic Ocean and the Atlantic Meridional Circulation (see http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/phod/SAMOC_international/index.php).
In addition a hydrographic section across the southern Brazil continental shelf, spanning the slope, the Subtropical Shelf Front (STSF) and the Plata plume was occupied. These observations are designed to test the hypothesis that the STSF is a main conduit for the export of shelf waters to the deep ocean. See "Export of shelf waters ..." news below (7 May 2012).
from the field(see all news) May - 10 - 2012 SAM Cruises in the SW South Atlantic Six research cruises have been carried out across the Brazil Current off southern Brazil (34.5ºS). The SAM 05 cruise also included a hydrographic section across the continental shelf. These cruises were carried out by scientists and students from Servicio de Hidrografía Naval (AR), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (BR), Universidade de Sao Paulo (BR) and Universidad de Buenos Aires (AR).
general(see all news) May - 7 - 2012 Export of shelf waters along the Subtropical Shelf Front: A one way ticket? The IAI has approved a Follow-up extension of CRN2076.
The goal of this research is to determine the mechanisms responsible for the export of shelf waters to the deep ocean and its biological and biogeochemical implications.
Our previous work leads us to believe that the STSF is a preferential site for the detrainment of shelf waters onto the deep ocean. Our studies indicate that deep-ocean waters entrained along the Patagonian and Brazilian shelves are funneled towards this front where they are fluxed offshore. In this CRN2 follow-up we propose to test this hypothesis and some of its biological and biogeochemical implications which may globally significant.
PIs: Alberto R. Piola (AR), H.W. Mianzan (AR), Edmo J.D. Campos (BR), José H. Muelbert (BR), Osmar Moller Jr. (BR), Oscar Pizarro (CL), Ken Brink (USA), Ricardo Matano (USA), Marcelo Barreiro (UY)
documents(see all news) Dec - 26 - 2011 Understanding hake larvae Small planktonic fish larvae are vulnerable to dispersion by turbulent and energetic ocean currents. The hake fishery, the most significant catch in Patagonia depends on the success of larvae survival, and in this region larvae are particularly vulnerable to the strong tidal currents and prevailing winds. It appears that by vertically migrating in the water column hake larvae are able to remain close to their food supply for long enough time to grow. A study lead by Gustavo Alvarez Colombo combines hydroacoustic and in-situ data, together with hydrographic data and numerical simulations to display the larvae distribution patterns and their variability and how the vertical migrations are coupled with the vertical stratification and the circulation.
from the field(see all news) Dec - 23 - 2011 Gear acquired by FURG The Oceanographic Institute at FURG has recently acquired an undulating vehicle for collecting crucial physical and biogeochemical data from an underway vessel. This vehicle will allow the collection of observations with much finer spatial resolution than conventional profiling instruments, which is particularly necessary around ocean fronts.
Here Osmar Moller proudly stands by the new Acrobat during tests conducted off New Bedford, MA. The instrument is manudatured by Sea Sciences, Inc.,
general(see all news) Dec - 23 - 2011 PhD Thesis defended at University of Paris Alejandro Bianchi (SHN/UBA) defended his PhD thesis at University of Paris. His research is focused on the sea-air CO2 fluxes in the Patagonia continental shelf based on shipborne observations, and on how these fluxes depend on the environmental variables and physical and biological processes.
general(see all news) Dec - 21 - 2011 SACC at COP-17 Edmo Campos and Alberto Piola, together with Pedro Monteiro (CSIR, South Africa), Christopher Sabine (NOAA/PMEL, USA) and Ione Anderson (IAI) integrated the panel during a side event organized by IAI during the 17th Conference of the Parties (COP17) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
general(see all news) Oct - 21 - 2011 POSITION ANNOUNCEMENT The Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG) - Instituto de Oceanografia /Rio Grande-RS announces the opening of two teaching positions at the Adjunct Professor level in the fields of Marine Geology and Physical Oceanography.
Applications open between 24 October and 7 November 2011
Details can be found at http://www.sarh.furg.br/arquivos/editais/002846.pdf
A UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO RIO GRANDE-FURG/ Instituto de Oceanografia /Rio Grande-RS abre Concurso para Professor Adjunto nas áreas de:
GEOLOGIA GERAL (1 vaga) e OCEANOGRAFIA FÍSICA (1 vaga) .
INSCRIÇÕES: de 24/10/2011 até 07/11/2011
O Edital completo pode ser acessado em: http://www.sarh.furg.br/arquivos/editais/002846.pdf
fellowships(see all news) Apr - 15 - 2011 Graduate thesis defended at UBA Laura A. Ruiz Etcheverry presented his graduate dissertation entitled Sobre la utilización de los datos de altimetría satelital en la Plataforma Continental Argentina. The work was carried out at Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina, under the advise of Dr. Martín Sarraceno.
fellowships(see all news) 14 Sep 2010 Graduate thesis defended at UBA Ramiro Ferrari presented his graduate dissertation entitled Clasificación de masas de agua a partir de sus propiedades ópticas al Norte de 37ºS en el Atlántico Sudoccidental. The work was carried out at Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina, under the advise of Dr. Silvia Romero. Ramiro is going to persue his doctoral degree at Université de Paris (VI).
fellowships(see all news) 02 Sep 2010 Masters Thesis defended at FURG Paula Costa Campos presented her Master´s dissertation entitled Oceanographic variability in Santa Marta Cape. The work was carried out at Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG), Brazil, under the advise of Dr. Osmar Moller Jr.
fellowships(see all news) 19 Feb 2008 Drifting away... UPDATED SEP2009
Surface drifters provide the best direct observations of the surface circulation on a global scale. Uriel Zajaczkovski used drifters to estimate horizontal diffusivities in the South Atlantic, and their relation to the general circulation. Uriel is currently a graduate student at Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
fellowships(see all news) 09 Jan 2008 News from Tallahassee UPDATED AUG 2009
Jose Luiz Azevedo completed his doctoral degree at FURG, Brazil under the advise of M. Mata (FURG) and D. Nof (FSU, USA). Ze Luiz holds a teaching position at FURG.
Jose Luiz has worked with models designed to understand the role of Agulhas rings arriving at the western boundary of the South Atlantic on the transport of the Brazil Current, and how this process may impact on the detachment of eddies in the Brazil-Malvinas Confluence (BMC). The BMC presents one of the most energetic mesoscale fields in the World Ocean. As illustrated in the Figure below, among other effects, BMC eddies significantly enhance the ocean productivity in the SW Atlantic, which also spreads eastward towards the basin interior.
from the field(see all news) 09 Feb 2009 Ocean Mixing R/V Roger Revelle is conducting a purposeful tracer experiment in the SE Pacific as part of the DIMES project. For more information follow: http://dimes.ucsd.edu/
from the field(see all news) 21 Dec 2008 Valdes Front survey R/V Capitan Canepa from Instituto Nacional de Investigacion y Desarrollo Pesquero has completed a survey of the Valdes Front. The Valdes front, the interface between well mixed coastal waters and stratified mid-shelf waters, is a productive hotspot in the northern Patagonia summers.
Members of the SACC-C project carried out a cruise to the Península Valdés region (Patagonia) on the research vessel B.I.P. Capitán Cánepa (INIDEP) between 12 and 22 December 2008. The cruise had financial support from the Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo Pesquero (INIDEP), and its main objective was to obtain a snapshot of biological and physical processes at a tidal front. The high tidal energy dissipation in this region generates a strong and productive front, where also red-tide episodes occur frequently. Previous studies focused separately on frontal physics and/or biology, but there was a lack of a joint view on bio-physical relationships.
Samples and measurements during the cruise were obtained along a cross-front transect covering the homogeneous, transitional, and stratified regions of the tidal front. The transect was performed twice, during daytime and night, in order to study vertical migrations along a daily cycle. Tasks on board included physical oceanography (CTD; thermosalinographer); water sampling (niskin bottles) for photosynthetic pigments, nutrients and bacteriological studies; acoustic records (200 KHz) to study plankton and fish distributions; stratified sampling (multi-net) for micro- and mesozooplankton; hyperbenthos sampling (plankton sledge); benthos sampling (grab); and juvenile fishe (mini-trawl). Specimens from different communities were collected to describe the trophic web using N and C stable isotopes, and to study putative toxicity due to red-tides. Studies will be performed by several research groups from INIDEP and Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata (Argentina). The final product of this cooperative effort will be a conceptual model of the frontal functioning.
from the field(see all news) 14 Dec 2008 Chasing coccolitophores in Patagonia R/V Roger Revelle is sailing in good weather conditions on the Patagonia shelf searching for coccolitophores. Silvia Romero (SHN/UBA/AR) and Daniel Valla (undergraduate student UBA/AR, photo) are participating in the expedition.
The cruise is led by Dr. William (Barney) M. Balch from the Bigelow Laboratory of Ocean Sciences and includes various ancillary components, with participation of scientists from several fields of oceanography. Please visit http://www.bigelow.org/about/senior-research-scientists/balch.php
To learn more about the expedition visit http://www.bigelow.org/docs/Balch%20%23%20OCE-0728582.pdf
Take a fresh look at R/V Roger Revelle activities:
from the field(see all news) 02 Nov 2007 Acoustic jelly fish survey Hermes Mianzan and Marcelo Acha (INIDEP) visited the Dauphin Island Sea Lab to conduct a survey of jelly fish in collaboration with William Graham. Increased jelly fish abundance, reported in several marine ecosystems is though to be a consequence of overfishing.
The survey, carried out 5-13 October, was designed to investigate the behavior of jelly fish and aggregations around fronts in the Mobile Bay estuary. Adrian Maridolas and Gustavo Alvarez Colombo, who use acoustic methods to track marine species at INIDEP also participated in the survey.
The research cruises were carried out on R/V E. O. Wilson using a SIMRAD EY500 portable echosounder and a 38 kHz split-beam transducer. The study focused on the distribution of Aurelia sp., surveying along transects and occupying fixed stations. On stations, a video camera was mounted jointly with the echosounder to corroborate the identification of the acoustic targets. Results are being analyzed at INIDEP and Dauphin Island Sea Lab. We look forward to learn about the findings fo this exciting research and to further applications in the western South Atlantic.
from the field(see all news) 31 Oct 2007 Mooring deployment off Rio Grande Osmar Moller reports from Rio Grande
Mooring deployment off Rio Grande
An acoustic current profiler (ADP) Sontek 1,0MHz was deployed at 25 m depth at 32o 14.9 S - 051 o 45.1W on 10 October as part of SACC’s observing program. The area known as “Parcel do Carpinteiro” is a reef which of irregular bottom topography formed by beach rocks, gravel and sand, avoided by trawlers. The ADP was installed within a Floatation Technology Trawl Resistant Bottom Mount and fitted with a Benthos acoustic release.
The ADCP is fitted with temperature and pressure sensors and was set to record current velocity and direction in 1 m height cells. Every vertical profile corresponds to the average of 120 pings emitted during 2 minutes. The operation was carried out with the research vessel “Atlântico Sul” from FURG with the participation of Argentinean researchers from INIDEP coordinated by SACC. Raul Reta and Alvaro Cubiella participated in the deployment cruise and visited FURG to learn about the mooring design and deployment efforts being carried out by Osmar Moller´s group. These current meter observations are key to understanding the role of the mid-shelf circulation in the large seasonal and shorter time scale variations of the shelf ecosystem revealed by satellite data.
To view Alvaro Cubiella´s report (in Spanish), please follow this link
Undergraduate and graduate students from FURG also participated for training. Two divers examined the bottom conditions before the deployment and the mooring afterwards.
This is the second ADCP mooring installed in the coastal area off Rio Grande. Last year, in October, the same equipment was deployed in an area located further south and successfully recovered by the end of February. Current velocity and direction data were of good quality but the pressure sensor did not work well and the equipment was sent to the manufacturer for service. Because of intense fouling we plan to recover the equipment for service at two month intervals and hope to maintain it at this location for at least one year.
Posted on 31 Oct 2007
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from the field(see all news) 09 Jul 2007 Zeca Muelbert reports from Dichato, Chile The 5th SACC short course is underway at the Estación de Biología Marina, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción (Dichato), Chile. It has been a hands on experience for 26 students from Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Chile, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay and USA.
News from the field (Zeca Muelbert reports from Dichato, Chile)
The course topic is centered on Physical and Biological Ocean Models. The first part of the course, coupling Hidrodynamic and Biogeochemical Models, is being thought by Dr. Vincent Ecehvin, LOCEAN, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, France. In his part of the course Dr. Ecehvin is combining the Regional Ocean Model System (ROMS) with Nutrient-Phytoplankton-Zooplankton-Detritus models and PISCES.
The second part of the course will start next week. Dr. Carolina Parada, University of Washington, USA, will demonstrate the use of Individual Based (IBM) Models.
from the field(see all news) 21 Jul 2007 Training in color image processing at SHN Silvia Romero trains students in satellite derived ocean color image processing at SHN.
Silvia Romero (center), former SACC Fellow and currently completing her PhD at Universidad de Buenos Aires, trains Magdalena Carranza (left) and Paula Costa Campos (right) in satellite derived ocean color image processing at SHN.
Magdalena is an UBA-AR undergraduate working on environmental indices of Patagonian seas shelf and shelf break fronts.
Paula is a FURG undergraduate visiting SHN as part of her degree, and working on wind induced upwelling events in the vicinity of Cabo Santa Marta Grande, off southern Brazil. Color images provide key information on phytoplankton abundance in these productive ocean environments. The main goal of SACC is to better understand the role of physical forcings in maintaining ocean fronts productive.
general(see all news) 09 Jul 2007 5th SACC International Short Course The 5th SACC International Short Course began on Tuesday 3 July at the Marine Biology Station of the University of Concepción, in Dichato,
The 5th SACC International Short Course began on Tuesday 3 July at the Marine Biology Station of the University of Concepción, in Dichato,
Chile. The course is being financed by CRN2076 and funds from the
COPAS, Proyecto Anillo and IRD.
Twenty six students from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico,
Perú, Uruguay and USA are being trained in aspects of Physical and
Biological Ocean Modeling, which are being taught by Drs. Carolina
Parada Veliz (University of Washington) and Vincent Echevin (University
general(see all news) 24 Oct 2007 Minerva up and running Sun Microsystems cluster Minerva installed at Universidad del Sur
The new nine-processor cluster was acquired using funds from grants from IAI CRN2076, ANPCyT PICT 04-25533 and CONICET PIP6138. The cluster is being used to carry out high-resolution numerical simulations of the ocean circulation in the western South Atlantic. This activity is lead by Elbio Palma (UNS) and Ricardo Matano (OSU).
general(see all news) 24 Oct 2007 Thesis presented at UBA Fernanda Jardon, completed her oceanography undergraduate studies at UBA, where she presented her dissertation entitled "Evidence of fluxes across the Patagonia continental shelf break"
Fernanda used salinity data and space-time variations of satellite derived sea surface temperature near the Patagonia shelf break. She found a salinity minimum region (SMR) in the vicinity of 45-46ºS, which suggests that low salinity waters from the Patagonian shelf are exported offshore. Also at the SMR cross-shelf temperature gradients are weaker than further north and further south. These results are in qualitative agreement with predictions from numerical simulations. This research is relevant to the understanding of cross shore mass, buoyancy and nutrient fluxes around the productive Patagonia shelf break front.
Fernanda has now started to work on her PhD at LOCEAN, University of Paris, we wish her a productive and enjoyable time in Paris!
general(see all news) 24 Jan 2008 How many fronts are there? A study by Barbara Franco and co-authors published this week in Geophysical Research Letters describes a previously undocumented multifrontal structure along the Patagonian shelf break
to see article follow this link:
The study reveals a multiple frontal structure along the Patagonia shelf break. The fronts appear to be linked to multiple branches of the Malvinas Current. The analysis also reveals the frequent development of a band of relatively cold waters inshore of the shelf break, presumably associated with an outer shelf jet.
The shelf break front off Patagonia is associated with a major upwelling system supporting a wide range of marine species. Our study suggests that the multiple fronts may have a significant impact on the ecology of a variety of species. Similar flow structures in other sub-polar western boundary currents may exist.
Barbara is a former SACC Fellow and currently a CONICET doctoral Fellow working in her PhD at Universidad de Buenos Aires. She is currently studying particle drift schemes in numerical simulations for larval drift applications
general(see all news) 14 Mar 2008 Thesis presented at UBA Chlorophyll concentration is an indirect measure of phytoplankton abundance. Its distribution and variability are important because phytoplankton growth absorbs CO2 from the atmosphere. Phytoplankton is also at the base of the oceanic food chain, all marine life depends directly or indirectly on phytoplankton.
Silvia´s work describes the seasonal and interannual chlorophyll variations in surface waters of the western South Atlantic. The work reveals that though there is large chlorophyll variability from seasonal to interannual time scales, chlorophyll blooms frequently occur on the same locations. High-chlorophyll regions are mostly observed close to water mass or vertical stratification transitions, referred to as ocean fronts, which are associated to bottom topography features. As expected, high CO2 absorption from the atmosphere occur at or near these fronts.
Silvia is an Associate Scientist at Servicio de Hidrografía Naval and Teaching Assistant at Universidad de Buenos Aires.
general(see all news) 04 Apr 2008 CO2, winds and phytoplankton Moira Luz Clara defended her undergraduate thesis at UBA
Her work describes the space-time variability of ocean-atmosphere CO2 fluxes determined by different flux parameterizations, and their relation to satellite derived surface chlorophyll variability.